Cognitive behavioral therapy
is showing promise as an effective tool in the treatment of chronic pain and addiction.
does not provide pain relief.
is used to strengthen muscles that are weak or at risk of becoming weak.
Monitoring claimants for medication compliance
is essential and can be accomplished by calling the claimant, talking to the pharmacy or scheduling a medication review.
are only appropriate after confirmation of upper limb strength.
type and location of a fracture
before the placement of a bone growth stimulator.
of care should detail the goals and expectations of treatment.
Topical analgesic creams and patches
have shown little evidence of being more effective than prescription or over-the-counter medications treating similar symptoms.
should be used at the lowest effective dose for the shortest duration of time.
Abuse-deterrent opioid formulations
do not guarantee protection from overdose.
Transmucosal immediate-release fentanyl (TIRF)
products are intended to treat cancer pain and are typically excluded from workers’ comp formularies.
TENS unit is not considered
to be reasonable and necessary to treat chronic low back pain.
Review the claimant’s diagnosis and comorbid conditions
when choosing a rehabilitation or subacute nursing facility.
Compounded medications are not recommended
as first-line therapy, as there is little evidence to support their efficacy.